What is Gardnerella?

Gardnerella is a bacterial infection, often associated with Bacterial Vaginosis (BV). It is a very common cause of vaginal infection (vaginitis). Bacterial Vaginosis is the result of bacterial overgrowth, making it different from thrush (candida) which is caused by a yeast.

Gardnerella is more common in women, but it is possible for them to pass it on to their partner. Men rarely have symptoms with Gardnerella.

Did you know? …

Gardnerella often has no symptoms but can make you more likely to contract further STIs and lead to complications with pregnancy for women. Click here to see the full article.

How can I catch it?

Gardnerella is spread from person-to-person through sexual contact. Most often, it is passed from women to men, or women to women.

When the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina is disrupted, BV can develop. There are many possible causes for this imbalance. Sexual reasons include having a new partner or not using a condom. Non-sexual reasons range from changing your soap brand to using an IUD (coil).

What are the signs and symptoms?

Most people infected with Gardnerella have no symptoms. When symptoms do occur, these can include:

  • A watery discharge (often grey, green or yellowish in colour)
  • A “fishy” odour
  • Itching and burning when urinating.

How can I test for Gardnerella?

You can be tested at any of our Better2Know clinics in Ireland by providing a urine sample. The results are available within five days from when your sample is received in the laboratory. Please make sure that you are able to provide a urine sample at the time of your appointment. You can test for Gardnerella with our Platinum Screen, Comfort Screen, or just as an individual test.

How is Gardnerella treated?

Gardnerella can clear up on its own. If you have symptoms, or you and your partner are trying for a baby, the infection can be treated with a short course of antibiotics. These can be prescribed by your Better2Know doctor.

If left untreated, what are the health risks?

Gardnerella is most serious if you or your partner is pregnant or trying for a baby. It may cause complications during the pregnancy if not treated appropriately.

Gardnerella can make you more likely to become infected with other STIs including HIV, Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea. You are also more likely to pass Gardnerella and other infections onto a new partner.

Book your Gardnerella test

Better2Know is the world’s largest private provider of sexual health testing services. We will arrange a confidential appointment at a clinic near you with fast and accurate results for your peace of mind. Book online or call our Sexual Health Advisors now.

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